Cool, dry weather across much of the state allowed for producers to continue their rapid pace for corn and soybean harvest. Temperatures were again below normal last week, averaging 57.6 degrees, 5.8 degrees below normal. Statewide precipitation averaged 0.36 inches, 0.49 inches below normal. The cooler temperatures and lack of rain for most of the state provided an average of 6.1 days suitable for field work. Topsoil moisture was rated at 15 percent very short, 36 percent short, 48 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels were rated at 38 percent very short, 45 percent short, and 17 percent adequate.
Corn harvest continued its quick pace with 54 percent of the crop now being harvested. Corn harvest was 19 percent complete at this time last year while the five-year average for this time period is 23 percent. Ninety-five percent of the corn crop is now mature.
Soybean harvest has begun in many areas around the state and 8 percent of the crop has been harvested so far, compared to 3 percent at this time last year and the five-year average of 9 percent. Ninety percent of the soybean crop is turning yellow, compared to 82 percent last year and the five-year average of 80 percent. Soybeans dropping leaves increased to 66 percent last week, compared to 52 percent last year and the five-year average of 55 percent. Soybean conditions were rated at 17 percent very poor, 25 percent poor, 37 percent fair, 19 percent good, and 2 percent excellent.
In other crops, the sorghum crop was 98 percent coloring, 85 percent mature, and 14 percent harvested. Five percent of the winter wheat crop has been planted. Pasture conditions were rated at 19 percent very poor, 25 percent poor, 37 percent fair, 18 percent good, and 1 percent excellent.