SPRINGFIELD — The Illinois Field Office of NASS has released the USDA’s Dec. 1 Hogs and Pigs Report.
The number of hogs and pigs in Illinois on Dec. 1, 2012, was 4.60 million head, down 1 percent from Dec. 1, 2011. Breeding hogs on hand were estimated at 490,000 head, up 2 percent from a year ago. Market hogs, at 4.11 million head, were down 1 percent from a year ago.
The pig crop during September, October and November of 2012 was 2.50 million pigs, down 1 percent from the same period in 2011. There were 250,000 sows that farrowed, down 2 percent from a year earlier. The litter rate for the quarter averaged 10.00 pigs saved, up from 9.90 for the same quarter last year.
Farrowing intentions for the December 2012 through February 2013 quarter are 245,000, down 10,000 from the same period a year ago. The first estimate of intentions for the March through May quarter of 2013 is for 250,000 sows to farrow, down 5,000 from the same quarter in 2012.
U. S. inventory of all hogs and pigs on Dec. 1, 2012, was 66.3 million head. This was down slightly from Dec. 1, 2011, and down 2 percent from Sept. 1, 2012. Breeding inventory, at 5.82 million head, was up slightly from last year, and up slightly from the previous quarter. Market hog inventory, at 60.5 million head, was down slightly from last year, and down 2 percent from last quarter.
The September-November 2012 pig crop, at 29.4 million head, was up slightly from 2011. Sows farrowing during this period totaled 2.90 million head, down 1 percent from 2011. The sows farrowed during this quarter represented 50 percent of the breeding herd. The average pigs saved per litter was a record high 10.15 for the September-November period, compared to 10.02 last year. Pigs saved per litter by size of operation ranged from 7.60 for operations with 1-99 hogs and pigs to 10.20 for operations with more than 5,000 hogs and pigs.