Production of corn for grain totaled 1.286 billion bushels in 2012, well below 2011 production of 1.947 billion bushels. The final yield was 105 bushels per acre, 52 bushels below last year. This was the lowest yield since 1988, when yield stood at 73 bushels per acre. Drought conditions in 2012 brought about the low yield. Acres planted in 2012 were up 200,000 from 2011 at 12.8 million, and 12.25 million acres were harvested for grain. Warm conditions in 2012 got planting off to an early start, with 5 percent of the crop planted as of March 25. Early planting and consistent dry conditions contributed to a crop maturing earlier than usual. Harvest ran well ahead of the usual pace. Low yields pushed farmers to harvest more of the crop for silage than is typical.
The final yield for the 2012 soybean crop was 43.0 bushels per acre, 4.5 bushels below 2011. This was the lowest yield since 2003, when yield stood at 37.0 bushels per acre. Production in 2012 reached 383,560,000 bushels, down about 10 percent from 2011. Acres planted in 2012 were up 100,000 from 2011 to 9.05 million acres. Acres harvested in 2012 stood at 8.92 million. Soybean harvest this year ran about the same pace as last year, which was above the 5-year average harvest progress.
The final yield for the 2012 winter wheat crop was 63 bushels per acre, up two bushels from last year’s yield. Acreage seeded in the fall of 2011 was 660,000 acres, down 140,000 acres from 2010. Farmers harvested 645,000 acres for grain this year, compared to 765,000 acres last year. This resulted in a total production of 40.6 million bushels, a 13 percent decrease from the previous year.
The final 2012 yield for sorghum for grain was 60 bushels per acre, a 34 percent decrease from 2011. Production was 1.62 million bushels, compared to 1.82 million bushels the previous year. Total planted and harvested for grain acres were 30 and 27,000, respectively, both up from the previous year.
The final oat estimate for 2012 placed the production at 1.52 million bushels, 12 percent above the 2011 production. Acreage harvested for grain, at 20,000, unchanged from the previous year. The final yield, at 76 bushels per acre, was up eight bushels from 2011.
Production of all hay in 2012 was 1.49 million tons, 5 percent less than in 2011. Alfalfa hay production was up 4 percent to 990,000 tons while all other hay production was down 20 percent at 500,000 tons. Yields averaged 3.0 tons per acre for alfalfa hay and 2.0 tons per acre for all other hay. Alfalfa acreage cut for hay was 330,000 in 2012, up 50,000 from 2011. Acreage cut for all other hay was 250,000, up 10,000 from 2011.
Illinois potato producers harvested 7,400 acres in 2012, up from 6,800 acres in 2011. Production increased to 2.81 million cwt. The 2012 potato yield of 380 cwt. per acre was up from the previous year’s 330 cwt. per acre.
Fresh market sweet corn harvested acres were down slightly from 6,700 acres in 2011 to 6,300 acres in 2012. Average yield increased by 11 hundredweight to 87 hundredweight per acre. Total production was up by nearly 8 percent over 2011.
Snap bean growers produced 344,000 tons, up 23 percent from 2011. The yield, at 4.58 tons per acre, was up 18 percent from 2011. Acreage harvested, at 7,500, was up 4 percent from the previous year.
Illinois pumpkin growers harvested 16,200 acres for fresh market and processing, up 2 percent from the previous year. Production, at 5.5 million cwt., was up 7 percent from 2011.
Illinois apple growers utilized 250 million pounds produced in 2012. This was down from the 33.0 million pounds produced in 2011.
Illinois utilized peach production during 2012 totaled 7,600 tons. Production was unchanged from 2011.
The average value of farm real estate in 2012 increased by 17.5 percent to $6,700 per acre. Cropland rented for cash averaged $212 per acre in 2012, an increase of $29 over the previous year.