SPRINGFIELD – The Illinois Field Office of NASS released the USDA's June Crop Production Report June 12.
In Illinois, the wheat yield for the 2013 crop is estimated to average 64 bushels per acre based on the June 1 surveys, up one bushel from the May 1 forecast and up one bushel from last year. Total production would be 51.2 million bushels, an increase of 26 percent from the 2012 production of 40.6 million bushels. Farmers expect to harvest 800,000 acres for grain this year, 155,000 more than in 2012. As of June 9, 68 percent of the wheat crop was filled, compared the five-year average of 87 percent. Thirty-nine percent of the crop was turning yellow, compared to the five-year average of 58 percent.
Nationally, winter wheat production is forecast at 1.51 billion bushels, up 2 percent from the May 1 forecast but down 8 percent from 2012. Based on June 1 conditions, the United States yield is forecast at 46.1 bushels per acre, up 0.7 bushel from last month but down 1.1 bushels from last year. As of June 2, 32 percent of the winter wheat crop in the 18 major producing states was rated in good to excellent condition, 20 percentage points below the same week in 2012. Nationally, 73 percent of the winter wheat crop was headed by June 2, 7 percentage points behind the 5-year average pace.
Forecasted head counts from the objective yield survey in the three soft red winter states (Illinois, Missouri and Ohio) are above last year's levels in Illinois and Missouri but below in Ohio. Excessive spring precipitation in Illinois and Missouri reduced crop conditions during May.