SPRINGFIELD – The Illinois Field Office of NASS released the USDA June 1 Hogs and Pigs Report June 28.
The number of hogs and pigs on Illinois farms on June 1 was 4.75 million head, 1 percent more than last year and 2 percent more than the March 1, 2013 inventory. Breeding hogs was at 500,000 head, unchanged from last year, but up 2 percent from last quarter. Market hogs, at 4.25 million head, were up 1 percent from June 2012 and up 2 percent from March 2013.
The Illinois March-May pig crop, at 2.627 million, was up 2 percent from a year ago. There were 255,000 sows that farrowed, unchanged from the previous year but up 2 percent from last quarter. The litter rate for the quarter was 10.3 pigs saved per litter, up from 10.1 the previous quarter.
Farrowing intentions for the June through August quarter of 2013 are 255,000, 2 percent more than the actual farrowings during this period a year earlier. The first estimate of farrowing intentions for the September through November quarter of 2013 is 255,000 sows, up 4 percent from the previous year’s actual farrowings.
United States inventory of all hogs and pigs on June 1 was 66.6 million head. This was down slightly from June 1, 2012, but up 2 percent from March 1, 2013. Breeding inventory, at 5.88 million head, was up slightly from last year, and up 1 percent from the previous quarter. Market hog inventory, at 60.8 million head, was down slightly from last year, but up 2 percent from last quarter.
The March-May 2013 pig crop, at 30.1 million head, was up slightly from 2012. Sows farrowed during this period totaled 2.92 million head, down 2 percent from 2012. The sows farrowed during this quarter represented 50 percent of the breeding herd. The average pigs saved per litter was a record high 10.31 for the March-May period, compared to 10.09 last year. Pigs saved per litter by size of operation ranged from 7.70 for operations with 1-99 hogs and pigs to 10.40 for operations with more than 5,000 hogs and pigs.
United States hog producers intend to have 2.93 million sows farrow during the June-August 2013 quarter, down slightly from the actual farrowings during the same period in 2012, and down slightly from 2011. Intended farrowings for September-November 2013, at 2.92 million sows, are up 1 percent from 2012, but down slightly from 2011.
The total number of hogs under contract owned by operations with more than 5,000 head, but raised by contractees, accounted for 46 percent of the total United States hog inventory, down from 47 percent last year.