SPRINGFIELD — The Illinois Field Office of National Agricultural Statistics Survey released the USDA’s September Crop Production Report. State and national highlights of the report include:
Based on conditions as of Sept. 1, the 2013 Illinois corn crop is expected to yield 165 bushels per acre, unchanged from the August forecast. Ears per acre, at 29,900 is the highest ear count on record. Production of corn for grain would be 1.96 billion bushels, 53 percent more than was produced in 2012. As of Sept. 1, 46 percent of the crop was dented compared with 94 percent dented at this time last year and the five-year average of 69 percent. Corn condition was rated 11 percent excellent, 46 percent good, 29 percent fair, 11 percent poor and 3 percent very poor.
Soybean production in Illinois is forecast at 430 million bushels, down 2 percent from August but up 12 percent from last year. Yield is expected to be 46 bushels per acre, one bushel lower than August. Condition of the soybean crop as of Sept. 1 was rated 7 percent excellent, 45 percent good, 35 percent fair, 11 percent poor and 2 percent very poor. Soybeans turning yellow, as of Sept. 1 were at 4 percent, compared to 38 percent in 2012 and the five-year average of 20 percent.
Corn production in the United States is forecast at 13.8 billion bushels, up less than 1 percent from the August forecast and up 28 percent from 2012. If realized, this will be a new record production for the United States. Based on conditions as of Sept. 1, yields are expected to average 155.3 bushels per acre, up 0.9 bushels from the August forecast and 31.9 bushels above the 2012 average. If realized, this will be the highest average yield since 2009. Area harvested for grain is forecast at 89.1 million acres, unchanged from the August forecast but up 2 percent from 2012.
Soybean production is forecast at 3.15 billion bushels, down 3 percent from August but up 4 percent from last year. If realized, production will be the fourth largest on record. Based on Sept. 1 conditions, yields are expected to average 41.2 bushels per acre, down 1.4 bushels from last month but up 1.6 bushels from last year. Area for harvest in the United States is forecast at 76.4 million acres, unchanged from August but up slightly from 2012.